Am Phu Cave: How I Got Stranded in the Marble Mountain’s Hell Cave!

The scene of torture, the artist's representation of the Buddhist hell in Am Phu Cave, the Hell Cave of the Marble Mountain, Vietnam, photo by Ivan Kralj

Just a minute before, the lights were flashing as in some underground disco club or at least a fairground curiously placed in the belly of the mountain. And then there was a blackout! Possibly a power failure? In the darkness of the darkest cave of the Marble Mountain, somewhere in Central Vietnam, Quoc and I were standing frozen. I met this student from Da Nang that day, but suddenly our destinies were more than connected. Surely, they wouldn’t let the visitors of Am Phu Cave spend the night in this underground labyrinth! Somebody would get a torch and come and get us in no time! But creepy silence and pitch darkness were overpowering the hopeful thoughts springing from the back of our minds. We were the last visitors of Vietnam’s Hell Cave, forgotten and abandoned. Nobody would come to the rescue!

Marble Mountain – the sacred and the profane

Tree-covered outcrops of the jutting Marble Mountains close to Da Nang, Vietnam, photo by Ivan Kralj
Eggshells of a dragon? Or just an unusual exhibition of nature?

Eleven kilometers south of the center of Da Nang, an important Vietnamese port, or 18 kilometers north of Hoi An, a charming town of rich heritage, lays a cluster of five marble and limestone hills, known as the Marble Mountains.

Called Ngu Hanh Son in Vietnamese, their name literally translates as the mountains of five elements. Without Milla Jovovich to connect the stones, each mountain refers to the appropriate symbolic foundation. These are their names: Kim Son (metal), Tho Son (earth), Moc Son (wood), Hoa Son (fire), and Thuy Son (water).

These unusual outcrops, overgrown with trees, pierce the flat surrounding plains as some surreal grounded asteroids. The legend says these jutting rocks on Non Nuoc Beach were eggshells left on earth by a dragon.

A cave shrine inside the Marble Mountain, with a great sculpture of Buddha, Da Nang, Vietnam, photo by Ivan Kralj
Marble Mountains are filled with cave shrines such as this one

With caves and tunnels hidden below their surface, Cham people regarded these otherworldly mountains as sacred. Nguyen, the last Vietnamese dynasty, rediscovered the mountains in the 19th century and sprinkled them with numerous shrines and pagodas. During the Vietnam War, Viet Cong used the caves as hospital grounds, despite (or exactly because) of the proximity to the Americans.

Today, the Marble Mountain is home to Hindu and Buddhist sanctuaries, above and underground. A place to look for inner peace. It is also a tourist attraction, one of Vietnam’s hidden gems, one of those unmissable things to do in Vietnam.

If you are not faint-hearted, check how Hindus use Batu Caves in Malaysia!

“Free parking” in Non Nuoc Village

Riding on her motorbike, she appeared from behind and started advocating for her courtyard as the perfect parking spot for our scooter. “It’s free! Free parking!”, she exclaimed

I hopped on Quoc’s scooter in the center of Da Nang. We crossed the Han River over the famous Dragon Bridge that breathes actual fire. From then on, there was a straightforward path south towards the Marble Mountains, the place that will swallow us an hour later, in more than one meaning.

Just before arriving at Non Nuoc Village, known for its centuries of traditional stone carving craftsmanship, we got a stalker. Riding on a scooter parallel to us, the lady came from behind and started advocating for her courtyard as the perfect parking spot for our scooter. “It’s free! Free parking!”, she exclaimed while driving.

Quoc politely rejected her offer. As I’ve found out later, there is no such thing as “free parking” in the village of the merchants on the foothill of one of Da Nang’s greatest attractions. Picking up your scooter from the “free parking place” might come with insisting on a purchase of some local artwork!

A demon chained in the Am Phu Cave, Buddhist representation of hell in the Marble Mountains, Vietnam, photo by Ivan Kralj
Do not trust every charming face you meet on your way to Am Phu Cave! Selling your soul is easier than you would think!

While greater sculptures in these artisan workshops could cost millions of Dollars (at least, that’s what Quoc claimed), smaller pieces of art and jewelry could be much more affordable. But then again, it’s better to buy them with free will!

Thousands of artists created millions of sculptures in Non Nuoc Village. Buddhas, animals, mythological beings, chess sets… Before, these were carved out of the white marble mined locally. But now the Marble Mountain is protected, and stonemasons import their marble from other parts of Vietnam and China.

Caves of heaven and hell

A statue of a ram, one of the Zodiac signs, displayed at the entrance of the Am Phu Cave in the Marble Mountain, Vietnam, photo by Ivan Kralj
Fascinating marble artwork is displayed already at the entrance of the Am Phu Cave! Find your Zodiac sign!

We arrived at the entrance of the Am Phu Cave just 20 minutes before 5 pm, the official closing time. But, literally, what the hell? We wouldn’t skip the opportunity to see the famous Hell Cave, even if it would be just a glimpse of it!

Am Phu is the Vietnamese word for hell. The godfather of the cave’s name was King Minh Mang in the 19th century. The story says that he sent soldiers with torches to explore the cave. But even after the twelfth torch was extinguished, they did not reach the bottom.

Set in Thuy Son, the largest of the five Marble Mountains, Am Phu Cave was the yin to its yang. It was the opposite of the heaven one could find on the top of the hill.

Sculptures of the hands of the souls in Nai Ha River, at the symbolic entrance to the afterlife, in front of the Am Phu Cave, Vietnam's Hell Cave in the Marble Mountain, photo by Ivan Kralj
Did you hear someone screaming for help?

We left our scooter at the parking lot in front of the cave entrance and off we went. A stone bridge surrounded by twelve columns, each with a sculpture of its own Zodiac sign, invited us over the symbolic Nai Ha River into the afterlife. The souls with more sins than good deeds would be pushed into the pond representing the river, and become food for the dark monsters. Hands of sinners who didn’t make it were reaching out of the water, as if gasping for their last breath.

The longest cave of the Marble Mountains packed more than 300 meters of agony. There was an installation of a court deciding on the weight of our sins and the level of the appropriate punishment. One set of stairs was leading down to the deepest circles of hell. The other set of stairs promised to get you to the twinkle of the sunlight timidly entering through an opening in the top – the heaven.

On the top of the hill in Southern Vietnam, there is a monument to Christianity! Check out the statue of Jesus in Vung Tau!

Am Phu Cave’s dark side

A sculpture of a horned demon in Am Phu, Vietnam's Hell Cave in the Marble Mountains, photo by Ivan Kralj
Is that the Prince of Darkness himself appearing in the solid rock?

Am Phu Cave was a natural grotto but filled with phantasmagoric images of our nightmares. This recreation of the Buddhist hell offered vivid lectures on what happens to the worst of our kind on the judgment day.

There were bloodthirsty demons lurking behind every corner, exposing their greedy fangs and craving gaze.

Sizzling on a human barbecue, being whipped on a pillar of shame, or offered as food to crocodiles and snakes in their hungriest hours, were just some of the methods to execute the universal justice.

The underworld of torture and mutilation was filled with burning incense. There were altars where believers came to repent, to pray, and to leave offerings.

Sculpture of a demon barbecuing human remains in Am Phu Cave, known as the Hell Cave of Vietnam, in the Marble Mountain, photo by Ivan Kralj
Karma works in mysterious ways. Maybe this demon barbecuing the sinners was a cook in his previous life!

Am Phu Cave was a pragmatic interpretation of how Karma works. Every action came with consequences. If one wanted to avoid the purgatory of endless suffering, now was the moment to get better!

In the deepest part of this humid grotto, called Nguc A Ty (A Ty Jail), there was a statue of Muc Kien Lien (Maudgalyayana) visiting his mother in hell. One of Buddha’s closest disciples, who actually ended his life in violent death as the execution of Karma for killing his own parents in a previous life, here came to comfort his mother in hell with a bowl of rice. Even Buddha couldn’t use his magical powers to help his mother, but he did tell his student that saving her could be possible if he summoned many monks for a prayer on the full moon day of the seventh lunar month. These were the origins of Vu Lan Festival, or the Ghost Festival, when Vietnamese believe the gates of hell open and the wandering souls get a 24-hour rest. It is also the day to show gratefulness to one’s parents.

Hell has no exit

A sculpture of a crocodile swallowing a human victim in Am Phu Cave, the Buddhist representation of Hell in the Marble Mountains, Vietnam, photo by Ivan Kralj
This crocodile looks as if it was stung by a bee, but do not underestimate the pain it can inflict!

Candles trembling in Am Phu Cave, in memory of the departing dead, were accompanied by the modern light effects, spilling bloody red over the cave walls. Stalactites and stalagmites washed in the colors of our life liquid could be a great set-up for a horror movie. Luckily, the execution of some of the art was naïve enough that even children would be able to laugh it off.

Then there was a steep staircase towards the first indications of heaven. Artistic execution was becoming much nicer up here. Crane-riding fairies, Lady Buddha, dragons, other winged creatures… The path was rough, narrow, and twisted, and in the middle of our climb – somebody switched off the light. Suddenly, the horror became much more tangible, as climbing to heaven here was a dead-end street. Sure, the lookout at the opening provided some nice views over the area, but the only way out of the Am Phu Cave was back through the hell again.

Sculpture of a seated Buddha decorated by neon lights in Am Phu cave in Vietnam's Marble Mountains, the Buddhist recreation of hell, photo by Ivan Kralj
Those flashing Christmas-style lights… Now you see them, now you don’t!

Just seconds ago, I was finding the decorative lights covering the cave altars extremely kitschy. Oh, how beautiful those flaring lights would have been if they would’ve revealed the stairs to this chasm, the safe way out! The idea that we could stumble in the darkness, and fall into the deep abyss, with no mobile phone signal or anyone looking for us until morning, when we would probably get confused for some exhibit, suddenly sent chills down our spines. Would I end my life in – hell?

Thanks to modern technology, and the fact that I didn’t spend the whole battery of my phone on taking pictures of the tacky interior design, the phone’s torch lighted up our descent into hell. With some basic orientation skills, we found our way out of the Am Phu Cave, to live another day.

Scooter in the hands of the Hells Angels

We rubbed the sculptures of our Zodiac signs for luck and decided to explore the outside of the Thuy Son. There was a Marble Mountain elevator bringing the lazy ones to the top, but we decided to explore the mountain’s pagodas, impressive outdoor sculptures, and some more shrine caves on foot.

Sculpture of a dragon with many heads on the top of the Thuy Son, so-called water mountain of the five Marble Mountains in Central Vietnam, photo by Ivan Kralj
You will find marble sculpture in, on and all around the Marble Mountain!

When we decided to call it a day and came back to the parking lot, there was a final surprise waiting. Our scooter was not there anymore! What the hell? Did someone just steal our vehicle, risking that such crime could throw them into the deepest circles of Am Phu Cave?

We were melting from the hike already, but the cold drops of sweat rolling down our forehead were accompanying the sudden panic attack.

On an emptied parking lot, the security guard was pushing us to leave. Quoc was trying hard to explain that we had a scooter parked here, but the guard had eyes. The lot was empty and we were ‘just messing up with him’. He wanted us to leave. Only the parking ticket we did not discard was proving we were not trying to pull a prank.

Oh, where was now that lady on the scooter and her free parking? We were ready to buy any silly trinket just to reunite with Quoc’s motorbike!

This lasting anxiety did not die down until, somehow, we did see the scooter sheltered in the hidden corner of the parking lot. Certainly not the place where we have parked it! Our heart was back in place. The Hells Angels were looking after us.

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Am Phu Cave in the Marble Mountains is known as the representation of the Buddhist hell. Somebody switched off the lights during my visit to Vietnam's Hell Cave and I found myself stranded in pitch darkness filled with scenes of torture and mutilation! What the hell?


Know before you visit Am Phu Cave

Where to stay in Da Nang?

If you’re looking for places to stay near Am Phu Cave, consider booking these hotels and resorts in Da Nang!

If you prefer staying local, these are the best Airbnb listings in the vicinity of the Marble Mountain! If you haven’t used the platform yet, register through my link and get up to 35 Euros discount on your first trip!

A sculpture of a demon protruding through the wall of Am Phu Cave, the Hell Cave of Vietnam's Marble Mountain, photo by Ivan Kralj
Just follow the light, as if he is saying! Do not get surprised if, at some moment of your visit, he switches it off without prior announcement!

How to go to the Marble Mountain & Am Phu Cave?

Take the road from Da Nang towards Hoi An called Le Van Hien. Turn left to Huyen Tran Cong Chua, which will bring you directly to the entrance of the Marble Mountains.

Besides your own transport, you can also visit the Marble Mountains by bus – no. 1 or 11. The ticket should not cost more than 17.000 VND (65 cents)

If you just want to visit the Am Phu Cave, don’t climb the stairs; the entrance is at the bottom of Thuy Son!

How long to spend at the Marble Mountains?

You can easily spend 3 to 4 hours at the Marble Mountain. Go slowly, do it at human pace!

The best time to visit the Marble Mountains

If you can, travel to Marble Mountains between January and April. In the wet season, the marble stairs can become wet.

The Am Phu Cave is open seven days a week, from 7 am till 5 pm. Don’t be late, if you don’t want to spend the night inside!

Am Phu entrance fee: 20.000 VND (75 cents)
Parking fee: 10.000 VND (40 cents)

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Ivan Kralj


Award-winning journalist and editor from Croatia

    1. Well, OK, it’s not the hugest cave in the world. And luckily, we had some light on our mobile phones 😉
      But a good lesson there: always bring a headlight when heading to dark places!

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