Chicken Church of Java: House of Prayer in the Indonesian Jungle

House of Prayer for All Nations in the Indonesian jungle is better known as the Chicken Church or Gereja Ayam, due to the resemblance of its architecture to the hen, even if its creator Daniel Alamsjah initially wanted to build a gigantic dove, Magelang, Java, photo by Ivan Kralj

Not far from Borobudur, the largest Buddhist temple in the world, an unexpected religious monument arises from dense Indonesian jungle. With an open beak, a gigantic bird nestled on the top of Bukit Rhema, an unassuming hill in Central Java. It’s a surreal piece of architecture! Not something you stumble upon every day, and certainly not while exploring remote villages of Southeast Asia! The peasants had their own name for the crowned dove, a realization of a vision of Daniel Alamsjah. They called his house of prayer – Gereja Ayam. A Chicken Church.

The name stuck. Nobody saw a dove from Daniel’s vision anymore! Some screen time helped the hen-shaped building reach international fame. Tourists started paying pilgrimage to the site, not necessarily with religious intentions. Chicken Church became the second-best reason to visit Magelang Regency. Just after Borobudur, and before other sunrise peaks in the area, such as Punthuk Setumbu.

Check the impressive work of the Ethiopian Christian builders – churches in Lalibela carved out of solid rock!

Daniel Alamsjah – the Indonesian Noah?

Daniel Alamsjah, the Indonesian Christian who for the last three decades builds the House of Prayer for All Nations in the jungle of Java, better known as Gereja Ayam or the Chicken Church, due to its poultry-shape, photo by Ivan Kralj
Daniel Alamsjah has gone gray in the first three decades of construction, but Chicken Church is still not finished

“I’m a Christian”, Daniel Alamsjah told me, while standing in front of the silent proof of his faith, the enormous building shaped like a bird.

Right behind him, two sculptures of angels were blowing into trumpets. One could argue that all three of them might have had the same mission, to alarm the world the end times were approaching.

After the great Biblical flood, when an Ark with paired animals stranded on Mount Kardu, a dove brought Noah the olive leaf as a sign of safety. Could Daniel’s dove on the top of this Indonesian hill, 40 kilometers outside of Yogyakarta, be a similar signpost for those who look for salvation?

This contrite, seemingly doddered man standing before me, did not radiate the leadership of a chosen one. Yet, God spoke to him in the 1980s! And not many believed in this divine intervention.

Four decades after Lord’s instructions to build the prayer ark, and years of great debt floods, a House of Prayer for All Nations is still a work-in-progress.

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Gereja Ayam, shaped by visions and voices

A statue of an angel blowing into a trumpet in front of the Chicken Church, hen-shaped House of Prayer for All Nations on Bukit Rhema, a hill in Central Java, Indonesia, photo by Ivan Kralj
The Holy Spirit was often portrayed as a dove in Christian art. But a divine intervention in Indonesia ended in a chicken-resembling product!

“One day, I was on this hill to pray to God. After a long prayer, I heard the voice that told me to build a church here”, this tenacious 77-year-old explained the Gereja Ayam origin.

Visions started back in Jakarta, where Daniel worked at the time. He ended up in the import-export trading company only after a priest’s prayer miraculously healed his lung disease, and he managed to pass the medical exam for the position. His career was advancing. Daniel would often recognize the invisible hand of God leading him to the path that eventually resulted in the Chicken Church.

Daniel went to the hill infested by snakes to receive God’s construction plan

After one night prayer, an image of the hill with a House of God appeared on the walls of his Jakarta home. He didn’t understand this message at first. But after he visited his wife’s family in Magelang, he stumbled upon a hill that looked the same as the one from his vision. Daniel connected the dots.

The hill was infested by snakes, but he decided to spend the night there in prayer. The words from the Bible appeared in front of him, explaining that he was chosen by the Lord to build this holy house. He should stay brave, as God’s plan would eventually come true.

Very soon, God’s hand brought the owners of the hill to him, interested to sell the land. Daniel took the money from his son’s college account and launched a project that even his own family would not always support.

It’s a bird! It’s a house! It’s a Chicken Church!

The view over the Indonesian jungle as seen through the beak of the Chicken Church, Gereje Ayam, Bukit Rhema, Central Java, Indonesia, photo by Ivan Kralj
Daniel prayed among the snakes here three decades ago. Now he can look at the Indonesian jungle through the beak of his chicken-resembling dove!

The construction started in 1992 and quickly arrived at the first obstacles. In a predominantly Muslim country, the project of a Christian man building a ‘church’ on an Indonesian hill that will later become known as Bukit Rhema, was under a magnifier. But Daniel was persistent. Every weekend he would travel from Jakarta and back, to monitor the construction site 500 kilometers away from his home.

It took one media report in 1996 to launch the avalanche of complaints against the project. Daniel tried his best to explain that his prayer house would be open for people of all religions; Christians, Muslims, Buddhists, even atheists. His building permit was not revoked. However, the construction came to a stop in 2000, because of lack of funds.

In Vietnam, where only 6 percent of inhabitants are Catholics, one can also find impressive evidence of their faith: the enormous statue of Jesus Christ in Vung Tau!

When the financial problems occurred, the idea of a snow-white dove resting in Bukit Rhema was left over to the jungle. After Daniel decided to add the crown on the bird’s head, everyone saw it as a rooster’s crest. Gereja Ayam, the ‘Chicken Church’ name was hatched.

But the same way as the local newspapers practically led to the shutdown of the Gereja Ayam project, the international media coverage of the strange building infused new life into it.

The Daily Mail and Huffington Post published articles on this unusual piece of architecture, abandoned in the Indonesian jungle for 15 years. The Chicken Church gained a new spotlight. Fueled by curiosity, modern-day explorers rushed in. Daniel could start ab ovo.

Bird building for the love birds

“Many Buddhists come and support”, Daniel told me. “They visit Borobudur, and then they come here to sleep and pray. And they give donations! Thanks to them, and to your tickets, I can invest further in the building!”

Couples were choosing to marry in the Chicken Church. All religions, Daniel confirmed. “Are you single?”, the passionate wedding planner asked me with a spark of hope in his eyes.

The underground prayer rooms in the House of Prayer for All Nations in Bukit Rhema, Central Java, Indonesia, photo by Ivan Kralj
Dark rooms in the abandonment phase, now serve as the underground prayer rooms for people of all confessions

Truth be told, the love birds never really deserted the bird building, even in its official abandonment phase (2000-2015). For couples of the nearby villages, the church that looks like a chicken was supposedly a safe place to get physical, away from the eyes of their not always supporting families. Vulgar graffiti and images of naked ladies became a standard wall decoration in those years.

Today it is different, Daniel Alamsjah convinced me while we posed for a photograph in front of the columns with a heart-shaped decoration at the top. The message was “Welcome to Bukit Rhema, We are one”.

Inside, the framed images of married couples, in a variety of traditional costumes, hung on the wall.

The fact that a scene from the second sequel of the cult Indonesian movie “Ada Apa Dengan Cinta” (AADC – “What’s the Deal with Love”) was shot here, certainly contributed to the popularity of the Chicken Church. Especially as a sunrise spot, as the actors climbed on the dove’s crown at dawn.

Still, Daniel Alamsjah’s work cannot beat in popularity the largest religious complex in the world – the temples of Angkor!

The rehabilitation catacombs inside of the Chicken Church of Java

In the basement of the Chicken Church, I found a variety of prayer rooms, serving different religious needs. From Christ’s nativity scene in a niche in the wall to the room with carpets facing east, this cave-like labyrinth of underground chambers catered for visitors of different denominations. Just like Daniel Alamsjah imagined, the House of Prayer for All Nations!

Colorful murals inside of the Indonesian Chicken Church fighting against various forms of addictions, such as cigarettes, drugs or technological devices, photo by Ivan Kralj
Colorful murals in the church try to speak the language of the youth, in order to pull them away from a variety of addictive behavior

But these were not just the communication rooms with the “other side”. As I’ve learned from this grey-haired visionary, the Chicken Church was used also as a therapy place. The catacombs were a place of rehabilitation for disabled children, problematic youth, drug addicts, and even people with psychiatric diagnoses. You know, those who had visions, and heard voices. Well, let’s not go there now…

The other floors also had murals celebrating the rehabilitating mission of Gereja Ayam. There were paintings of young people alienated by technology, seduced by cigarettes, conquered by alcohol, abducted by narcotics. The messages were clear and simple: “Say no to drugs!”

Is this house of prayer on Bukit Rhema – a church?

Even if it was nicknamed a Chicken Church, there were no regular church rituals performed in Bukit Rhema. Gereja Ayam was more of a venue catering for the specific spiritual needs of its visitors.

Spacious main hall of the Chicken Church or Gereja Ayam in the Indonesian jungle, photo by Ivan Kralj
Even if there are Christian symbols in the Chicken Church, such as rosette windows following the shape of the cross, the true religion of Gereje Ayam is – love

The ambiance of the main hall, with its wide-open space, and rosette-openings on the ceiling in the shape of a cross, did emanate a feeling of some neo-gothic cathedral. But tiles with a simple flower design, and heart-shaped stones thrown here and there, were just basic symbols, implemented by an architect without a diploma, and not some medieval master. The exhibition of photographs presented Chicken Church history.

A table and chairs mounted with broken mirror glass, like a kind of disco balls, were more reminiscent of some Lady-Gaga-style video set-up than of church space. It was obvious, this was a very loose interpretation of how a prayer house should look like, with no interior or exterior design dogmas followed.

A mouse jumping from the stairs leading up to the dove’s head, the viewpoint, seemed like something one could expect in an old church. But there was no bell tower, nor would we meet Quasimodo the hunchback by climbing to the top.

Only a dove head, adorned with a chicken crown, pointing towards Mount Merapi, Indonesia’s most active volcano. The pupils of the eyes of the Chicken Church had the shape of a cross. Obviously, there were numerous ways of witnessing one’s Christian faith. God works in mysterious ways.

Fowl of Liberty in the Indonesian jungle

A statue of a woman praying in the underground chambers of Gereje Ayam, the Indonesian Chicken Church in Central Java, photo by Ivan Kralj
One of the sculptures in the underground chambers of Gereje Ayam

Daniel Alamsjah did not chicken out when he received the messages he interpreted as the word of God. He invested his life savings in a dream that didn’t have a promising business plan.

He trusted voices nobody else could hear, and visions nobody else had seen.

Thirty builders engaged on a project directed by a man with no background in architecture, to erect the building of enormous proportions.

When Daniel decided to add the Statue-of-Liberty spikes on the head of his dove, hoping that the crown would elevate the building’s holy status, he did not imagine that other people could interpret his vision differently.

But he embraced the branding of the Chicken Church, trusting that strange are the ways of the Lord. The growth of the visitor numbers enabled the sustainability of the building process. It also enlarged the tourism potential of the villages around Bukit Rhema, where nobody expected it.

Chicken Church – Indonesia’s monument to faith as a personal thing

Before the Chicken Church received media coverage as a blessing for its future, one amateur painter in Borja, Spain, engaged on a similar journey of incredible bravery. In 2012, Cecilia Giménez (82) attempted to restore Ecce Homo, the century-old fresco of Jesus. Her devastating restoration, in which nobody could recognize Christ anymore, resulted in worldwide mockery. But it also attracted hundreds of thousands of tourists to this rural area of Zaragoza, helping the local economy in a way that no marketing expert could replicate.

For all that it matters, Gereje Ayam could resemble a pelican!

You see, it is not really essential whether Daniel Alamsjah’s House of Prayer looks like a dove or a chicken. We shouldn’t care even if it resembled a pelican! It is a grandiose realization of a crazy dream of an unstoppable man. Something most of us would never do in our lives! A monument to taking the risk and expressing faith.

Locals could not understand the eccentric project of a visionary in the 1990s. But with the expected future tourism development in Magelang, it could happen that Chicken Church becomes the one laying – golden eggs.

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Daniel Alamsjah started to build the House of Prayer in the Indonesian jungle in the 1990s. Three decades later, and the building on the hill Bulkit Rhema is still not finished. Even more, the builder's vision of a dove-shaped house resembles more to a hen, so people started to call his prayer house Gereje Ayam, or - the Chicken Church!

Ivan Kralj

Editor

Award-winning journalist and editor from Croatia

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